International tiger day is held annually on July 29 to bring worldwide attention for the reservation of tigers and their habitat. It was created in Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010. This is day is both celebration and awareness day. The purpose of creating the day is to promote a global system for protecting the remaining tigers and their habitat with expansion of area of their habitat as well and to raise the public awareness about the tiger conservation.
In 2010 at the International Tiger Summit, held in St. Petersburg, Russia. The goal of the summit was to double the wild tiger population which was decreased to 2022 from 100,000 in last 100 years. So they created a day to celebrate and generate awareness towards these wonderful creature who are at the edge of extinction but once roam in a large number on this earth.
Tigers are among the most threatened of big cats. We have lost 97% of all wild tigers in a bit over 100 years. A number of Tiger species have already been extinct , the remaining tigers are fewer than 4,000 in the wild, most of them in pockets of protected land areas in Southeast Asia and Russia’s far east. Poaching and loss of habitat are among the biggest threats to the world’s tiger population. Loss of habitat is mostly due to climate change and agricultural and industrial development. Tigers may be one of the most admired animals, but they are also vulnerable to extinction.
Number of Tigers Country-wise
|Country||Estimated No. of Tigers|
Cause of Tiger Extinction
There are 3 major cause for the tiger Extinction
- Habitat loss
- Human wildlife conflict
- Climate change
Tiger lost their habitats due to the increase interference of the human activities in the forest and natural vegetation area like increase in expansion of industrial areas and cities. It causes tiger to move to the open areas and ultimately become vulnerable to poachers.
Human wildlife conflict
Due to loss of the habitat tiger tends to the residential area that cause conflicts between humans and tiger. Both beings are looking for the space to reside and that cause a problem to both.The incidents mostly arises in the areas which are near to the forest. As forests shrink and prey gets scarce, tigers are forced to hunt domestic livestock, which many local communities depend on for their livelihood. In retaliation, tigers are killed or captured.
Climate is also major factor in wiping out the large number of tigers, as the major tiger population found in Sundarbans a area shared by Bangladesh and India. This area is prone to Storm and the increase in water level of sea which cause in destroying the parts of the forest and the habitats of the tigers
How can you help?
You can donate to World Wildlife Fund for the cause through this link support.wwf.org.uk.
Or else you can increase awareness for the tiger conservation. For more information, follow the WWF on Facebook or Twitter.